and the Environment
Create a Travel Brochure
- To gain an understanding of Peru's history.
- To analyze how specific ideas and beliefs have had an
effect on a particular period of time.
- To trace the route of the Spanish Conquistadors on a map of Peru.
To learn about the Spanish conquest of the Incas
- To learn about the discovery of Machu Picchu.
- Paper and pencil,
- Detailed maps of Peru showing its
physical characteristics (soil, climate, vegetation, rivers,
- Water colors or tempera paints,
- Colored markers,
- Chart or heavy duty paper,
- Travel brochures and travel web sites.
|Before beginning the study of the history of Peru have
the students complete a KWHL Chart. (K=What Do We Know?; W=What We
Want to Know?; H=How Do We Find Out?; L=What We Learned). This
activity can be done as an entire class or in small groups. If
done in small groups, each groups will share its chart with the entire
class and then the class can do a composite of all of the groups.
- Why were the Spanish Conquistadors accompanied by
priests during their conquest of Peru?
- The Spanish
were Roman Catholic and the ancient peoples they conquered were
considered pagans and heathens. What conflicts did this clash of
cultures create? Why? How
did the Spanish deal with the conflicts?
- How were the Spanish Conquistadors able to conquer the Inca?
What is Machu Picchu, and who "discovered" it?
- Analyze and discuss the influences the Spanish ideas and beliefs had
on this period of Peru's history. How might the history of the
country been different if the Spanish had not conquered Peru?
- Should the Spanish have attempted to impose their culture and
religion on the native people?
- Who were Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar? Why do you
think it took 300 years for the people to overthrow the Spanish and to
gain self rule?
- Why is it that we have not heard very much about the Nazca, Moche,
Chimu or other ancient cultures in Peru? What evidence did each of
these cultures leave behind which indicate how they lived?
- What is the
ethnic make-up or composition of Peru today?
- Do a debate or construct a Discussion Web on whether or
not the Spanish should have attempted to impose their beliefs and ideas
on these ancient peoples.
- Analyze the influences the Spanish ideas and beliefs had on this
period of Peru's history and specify how things might have been
different if the Spanish had not conquered the country.
- Assume the role of one of the Spanish Conquistadors and write a diary
account of your impressions of the native peoples and their
- Assume the role of one of the native peoples and write a diary
account of your impressions of the Spanish Conquistadors.
- Call a Summit meeting between the leaders of the Spanish and the
natives. Discuss how you might resolve your differences and the
consequences if you can not.
- Discuss the significance of Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar for
the history of Peru. Do a mental map for each man indicating those
qualities or character you think each had.
- Construct a mental map or structured overview showing important
events in the history of Peru.
- Discuss what it would be like to travel to uncharted or unmapped
places like what the Spanish conquistadors did, or as explorers like
Hiram Bingham did.
|In addition to paper and pencil tests, teachers could use
individual or small group projects, oral reports, mental maps or
structured overviews for assessment.
Vocabulary Search (search box)
Peru web site links